The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is working with a number of partners, including national governments and research institutions, to test a range of interventions in Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs) across West Africa, East Africa, South Asia, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. CCAFS also collaborates with local farmers, community-based organizations, national meteorological institutions, and private sector stakeholders. After potential sites are selected, a steering group of community representatives and researchers work together to identify appropriate CSA options for that village. The community chooses its preferred options through a process that is as participatory and inclusive as possible, encouraging women and more vulnerable groups to participate. For example, in 2014, in Lushoto, Tanzania, researchers worked with women and men farmers to gather local knowledge and skills and then developed CSA packages of practices appropriate for demonstration and adoption in the community.
Contributions to CSA
With a strong emphasis on inclusiveness, Climate-Smart Villages approaches lead to the identification of more appropriate CSA responses based on women and men’s differing farming needs and constraints. By targeting women and youth, CSA benefits are more likely to reach different household members in both male and female-headed households.
Impacts and lessons learned
Targeting women and youth and ensuring different stakeholders are included in making decisions on CSA options to adopt and it makes CSA benefits more sustainable and provides farmers with incentives to adopt CSA practices. Engaging different stakeholders to identify and understand their different knowledge, skills, interests and constraints provides new insights into farmers’ perceptions of CSA practices suitable for adoption. In Lushoto, efforts to date have shown how food security and resilience can be improved in the face of climate change and at the same time, suggest ways in which smallholder farmers across different communities can adapt their agricultural practices.