In 2010, Zambia was the first country to receive funding from the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), a USD 1.2 billion funding window under the Climate Investment Funds. The programme in Zambia is implemented by the government with the World Bank as lead funding partner, and receives technical support from a variety of agencies. The current phase, which entails USD 36 million of funding, runs from 2013 to 2020, with three main pillars: participatory adaptation (with a strong focus on agricultural resilience and subnational planning), climate resilient infrastructure, and strategic support.
Relationship to CSA
The programme is mentioned here for the latter component: strategic support. Since the outset, the PPCR in Zambia has placed emphasis on “winning over” national policy-makers to the climate change agenda in order to catalyze de facto support to climate-resilient policies. This has included collaboration with parliamentarians to provide knowledge and research on the impacts of climate change on agricultural production, and other sectors in the national economy. So far, the focus has been on the planning and financing ministries, in an effort to relocate policy development on climate from technical agencies to key decision-making departments. The programme also supports the Zambia Civil Society Network in managing a tracking tool, designed to monitor and publicize the government’s de facto climate-related expenditures.
Impact and lessons learned
The programme has played a key role in ensuring that climate resilience is now mainstreamed into Zambia’s major development plans and sector policies - most notably in agriculture, livestock and energy. In particular, the National Agriculture Investment Plan identifies a range of strategies, including Conservation Agriculture and CSA. Additionally, non-donor government expenditure on climate resilience doubled from 2014 to 2015, although it remains at only USD 1.5 million. Certain trade-offs remain evident: while climate concerns appear to have grown among policy makers large-scale energy and infrastructure issues still receive the most attention. Moreover, the strong focus on national policy-makers has meant that the engagement of decision-makers at sub-national levels has been cursory so far, constraining progress on the ground.
- Pilot Program for Climate Resilience, Zambia. World Bank programme documents and reviews: http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P127254/zambia-strengthening-climate-resilience-ppcr-phase-ii?lang=en
- BMZ (2013) Understanding Climate Finance Readiness Needs in Zambia: https://www.giz.de/expertise/downloads/giz2013-en-climate-finance-readiness-zambia.pdf