Chanje Lavi Plantè in Haiti: Hillside soil conservation as a measure to increase yields and sequester carbonLatin America


The aim of the Chanje Lavi Planté project was to combat erosion in watersheds, increase productivity and increase farmer’s access to links to other actors in the value chain in the Cul-de-Sac, Matheux and lower Central Plateau areas of Haiti. It is funded by USAID’s Feed the Future initiative. Haiti is prone to extreme weather events and natural disasters leading to flooding and landslides (World Bank 2016a)/taxonomy/term/7961. Soil is also vulnerable to extreme rainfall events and agricultural productivity is inhibited due to a drop in fresh water levels (Roose et al. 2012)/taxonomy/term/7872. Therefore reforestation, water management and soil conservation efforts are needed to improve food security in Haiti. Chanje Lavi Planté made investments in infrastructure such as irrigation and in technical innovations like small farmer greenhouses and retention pond programs. The project also invested in conservation measures like hillside stabilization and improved soil management. Efforts were also taken to reduce GHG emissions through watershed reforestation, perennial crop expansion, alternate wetting and drying, soil management, water management, and fertilizer usage improvements

Relationship to CSA

Farmers increased resilience by increasing productivity through fertilizer management improvements and decreasing postharvest losses, practice changes that also decreased emission intensity in beans, maize, mango, and irrigated rice.  Farmers also increased livelihoods resilience through reforestation of watersheds and perennial crop expansion activities, which also provided significant mitigation benefits.

Impact and lessons learned

Watershed reforestation, perennial crop expansion, water management improvements, and soil management improvements lead to increased carbon sequestration. Mitigation benefits resulted from reforestation (–478,828 tCO2e/yr) and perennial crop expansion ( –230,854 tCO2e/yr), and alternative wetting and drying led to a reduced GHG emissions output. Yields increased for plantain, maize, rice and beans while post-harvest losses decreased. Yields remain the same for mango value chains, but postharvest losses are reduced. 

Link to info note


  • 1

    World Bank. 2016a. Climate Change Knowledge Portal: for Development Practitioners and Policy Makers. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) Beta is a central hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate and climate-related information. 
  • 2

    Roose E, Duchaufour H, De Noni G. 2012. Lutte antiérosive, rehabilitation des sols tropicaux et protection contre les pluies exceptionnelles. Marseille, France: Institut de recherché pour le développement.

Welcometoclimate-smart agriculture 101

scroll to discover

This site is your gateway to implementing climate-smart agricultureIt will help you get started and guide you right through to implementation on the ground, connecting you with all the resources you need to dig deeper.

scroll to start

CCAFS Climate-Smart Agriculture 101

The basics

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an integrative approach to address these interlinked challenges of food security and climate change, that explicitly aims for three objectives:

A. Sustainably increasing agricultural productivity, to support equitable increases in farm incomes, food security and development;

B. Adapting and building resilience of agricultural and food security systems to climate change at multiple levels; and

C. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (including crops, livestock and fisheries).

Entry points

Agriculture affects and is affected by climate change in a wide range of ways and there are numerous entry points for initiating CSA programmes or enhancing existing activities. Productivity, mitigation and adaptation actions can take place at different technological, organizational, institutional and political levels. To help you navigate these myriad entry points we have grouped them under three Thematic Areas: (i) CSA practices, (ii) CSA systems approaches, and (iii) Enabling environments for CSA. Each entry point is then described and analysed in terms of productivity, adoption and mitigation potential and is illustrated with cases studies, references and internet links for further information.

Develop a CSA plan

Planning for, implementing and monitoring CSA projects and programmes evolves around issues of understanding the context including identification of major problems/barriers and opportunities related to the focus of the programme; developing and prioritizing solutions and designing plans; implementation; and monitoring and evaluation. Most major development agencies have their own framework for project and programme formulation and management but CCAFS has developed a specific approach for planning, implementing and assessing CSA projects and programme called CSA plan. CSA plan was developed to provide a guide for operationalizing CSA planning, implementation and monitoring at scale. CSA plan consist of four major components: (1) Situation analysis; (2) Targeting and prioritizing; (3) Program support; and (4) Monitoring. evaluation and learning.


To meet the objectives of CSA, such as agricultural development, food security and climate change adaptation and mitigation, a number of potential funding sources are available. For instance, climate finance sources may be used to leverage agriculture finance and mainstream climate change into agricultural investments. This section offers an overview of potential sources of funding for activities in climate-smart agriculture (CSA) at national, regional and international levels and for a number of different potential ‘clients’ including governments, civil society, development organizations and others. Additionally, it includes options to search among a range of funding opportunities according to CSA focus area, sector and financing instrument.

Resource library

CSA Guide provides a short and concise introduction and overview of the multifaceted aspects of climate-smart agriculture. At the same time it offers links to references and key resources that allows for further investigations and understanding of specific topics of interest. In the resource library we have gathered all the references, key resources, terms and questions in one place for a quick overview and easy access that can be used as a part of or independently of the other sections of the website. The resource library is divided into six sections; (1) References – list all publications, links and blogs referred to on the website; (2) Tools – list all the CSA tools presented on the website; (3) Key terms – explains the most important and frequently used terms related to CSA; (4) Frequently asked questions (FAQ) – provides a rapid overview of the most common questions asked on climate-smart agriculture; (5) About – where you can find out more about the purpose and structure of, as well as on the organizations and authors behind the website; (6) Contact.

Case studies

Local case studies

Filter by entry points