The aim of the Chanje Lavi Planté project was to combat erosion in watersheds, increase productivity and increase farmer’s access to links to other actors in the value chain in the Cul-de-Sac, Matheux and lower Central Plateau areas of Haiti. It is funded by USAID’s Feed the Future initiative. Haiti is prone to extreme weather events and natural disasters leading to flooding and landslides (World Bank 2016a)/taxonomy/term/7961. Soil is also vulnerable to extreme rainfall events and agricultural productivity is inhibited due to a drop in fresh water levels (Roose et al. 2012)/taxonomy/term/7872. Therefore reforestation, water management and soil conservation efforts are needed to improve food security in Haiti. Chanje Lavi Planté made investments in infrastructure such as irrigation and in technical innovations like small farmer greenhouses and retention pond programs. The project also invested in conservation measures like hillside stabilization and improved soil management. Efforts were also taken to reduce GHG emissions through watershed reforestation, perennial crop expansion, alternate wetting and drying, soil management, water management, and fertilizer usage improvements
Relationship to CSA
Farmers increased resilience by increasing productivity through fertilizer management improvements and decreasing postharvest losses, practice changes that also decreased emission intensity in beans, maize, mango, and irrigated rice. Farmers also increased livelihoods resilience through reforestation of watersheds and perennial crop expansion activities, which also provided significant mitigation benefits.
Impact and lessons learned
Watershed reforestation, perennial crop expansion, water management improvements, and soil management improvements lead to increased carbon sequestration. Mitigation benefits resulted from reforestation (–478,828 tCO2e/yr) and perennial crop expansion ( –230,854 tCO2e/yr), and alternative wetting and drying led to a reduced GHG emissions output. Yields increased for plantain, maize, rice and beans while post-harvest losses decreased. Yields remain the same for mango value chains, but postharvest losses are reduced.
Link to info note
World Bank. 2016a. Climate Change Knowledge Portal: for Development Practitioners and Policy Makers.http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportal/ The Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) Beta is a central hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate and climate-related information.
Roose E, Duchaufour H, De Noni G. 2012. Lutte antiérosive, rehabilitation des sols tropicaux et protection contre les pluies exceptionnelles. Marseille, France: Institut de recherché pour le développement.http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/divers14-01/010055520.pdf