Scaling up climate services for agriculture in SenegalSenegal

Background 1 2

In Senegal, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) has worked closely with the National Meteorological Agency (ANACIM) to develop locally relevant climate information services, and enhance the capacity of partners to communicate information to farmers and help them incorporate it into their training. The work began at a pilot scale in 2011, with farmer training and planning workshops in Kaffrine. The pilot revealed a strong demand for climate information, and requests were made to scale up beyond the initial pilot. Rural radio was used to scale up into new regions in Senegal, accessed through a partnership with the Union of Rural Radio (URAC), a federation of NGOs and Institute of Agricultural Research of Senegal (ISRA). CCAFS scientists worked with ANACIM to provide seasonal and 10-day forecasts tailored for farmers. A special program communicated this information through URAC’s radio station network. Journalists from 40 radio stations were trained to understand and communicate climate information. The interactive radio programming allowed listeners to share feedback, including additional information, views, and requests for clarification.

Relationship to CSA

While there is clear evidence that farmers in Senegal both demand and use weather information, the extent to which this has contributed to CSA objectives through increased resilience and productivity requires further investigation. 

Impacts and lessons learned

A recent evaluation estimated that 560,000 rural households now have access to climate information services in Senegal as a result of this effort. The study showed that farmers are changing their management practices in response to the information, but more work is needed to understand the extent of these changes and their impact on farmers’ livelihoods. Evidence suggests that the pilot effort connected with strong demand among farmers, by providing locally downscaled information, in a process that engaged rural communities in meaningful dialog with climate and agricultural experts. Partnering with URAC to equip radio stations to deliver climate information proved an effective and low-cost way to respond to demand and provided substantial access to local farmers, as it spans across all 14 administrative regions and operates in local languages, and utilizes an interactive format to engage listeners.


CCAFS Big Facts - Rainfall forecasts enabling better agricultural management in Senegal:


  • 1

    Lo HM, Dieng M. 2015. Impact assessment of communicating seasonal climate forecasts in Kaffrine, Diourbel, Louga, Thies and Fatick (Niakhar) regions in Senegal: Final Report for CCAFS West Africa Regional Program. Climate information is now an agricultural input just like seeds, fertilizers or equipment which are at the basis of production. In a nutshell, this is what emerges from this assessment report on the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) on the transmission of climate information (CI) and relevant agricultural advice to farmers in Kaffrine, Diourbel, Thies, Louga and Fatick administrative regions. Through this project, CCAFS seeks to contribute to improving the resilience of rural people to climate change by mainstreaming climate information more adequately in the planning and implementation of development activities. Thanks to the involvement of the network of community rural radio stations (URAC), CCAFS estimates that two million people have had access to climate information (CI), have used it in whole or in part, and that this has had an impact on their farming practices.
  • 2

    Ndiaye O, Moussa AS, Seck M, Zougmore R, Hansen J. 2013. Communicating seasonal forecasts to farmers in Kaffrine, Senegal for better agricultural management. Dublin, Ireland: Irish Aid. Our project explaining seasonal forecasting to farmers in central Senegal built common ground between scientific forecasting and traditional knowledge. It helped farmers understand and use seasonal forecasts to improve crop strategies, and let farmers explain to meteorologists what seasonal climate information they most needed, in turn improving the forecasts’ usefulness.

Welcometoclimate-smart agriculture 101

scroll to discover

This site is your gateway to implementing climate-smart agricultureIt will help you get started and guide you right through to implementation on the ground, connecting you with all the resources you need to dig deeper.

scroll to start

CCAFS Climate-Smart Agriculture 101

The basics

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an integrative approach to address these interlinked challenges of food security and climate change, that explicitly aims for three objectives:

A. Sustainably increasing agricultural productivity, to support equitable increases in farm incomes, food security and development;

B. Adapting and building resilience of agricultural and food security systems to climate change at multiple levels; and

C. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (including crops, livestock and fisheries).

Entry points

Agriculture affects and is affected by climate change in a wide range of ways and there are numerous entry points for initiating CSA programmes or enhancing existing activities. Productivity, mitigation and adaptation actions can take place at different technological, organizational, institutional and political levels. To help you navigate these myriad entry points we have grouped them under three Thematic Areas: (i) CSA practices, (ii) CSA systems approaches, and (iii) Enabling environments for CSA. Each entry point is then described and analysed in terms of productivity, adoption and mitigation potential and is illustrated with cases studies, references and internet links for further information.

Develop a CSA plan

Planning for, implementing and monitoring CSA projects and programmes evolves around issues of understanding the context including identification of major problems/barriers and opportunities related to the focus of the programme; developing and prioritizing solutions and designing plans; implementation; and monitoring and evaluation. Most major development agencies have their own framework for project and programme formulation and management but CCAFS has developed a specific approach for planning, implementing and assessing CSA projects and programme called CSA plan. CSA plan was developed to provide a guide for operationalizing CSA planning, implementation and monitoring at scale. CSA plan consist of four major components: (1) Situation analysis; (2) Targeting and prioritizing; (3) Program support; and (4) Monitoring. evaluation and learning.


To meet the objectives of CSA, such as agricultural development, food security and climate change adaptation and mitigation, a number of potential funding sources are available. For instance, climate finance sources may be used to leverage agriculture finance and mainstream climate change into agricultural investments. This section offers an overview of potential sources of funding for activities in climate-smart agriculture (CSA) at national, regional and international levels and for a number of different potential ‘clients’ including governments, civil society, development organizations and others. Additionally, it includes options to search among a range of funding opportunities according to CSA focus area, sector and financing instrument.

Resource library

CSA Guide provides a short and concise introduction and overview of the multifaceted aspects of climate-smart agriculture. At the same time it offers links to references and key resources that allows for further investigations and understanding of specific topics of interest. In the resource library we have gathered all the references, key resources, terms and questions in one place for a quick overview and easy access that can be used as a part of or independently of the other sections of the website. The resource library is divided into six sections; (1) References – list all publications, links and blogs referred to on the website; (2) Tools – list all the CSA tools presented on the website; (3) Key terms – explains the most important and frequently used terms related to CSA; (4) Frequently asked questions (FAQ) – provides a rapid overview of the most common questions asked on climate-smart agriculture; (5) About – where you can find out more about the purpose and structure of, as well as on the organizations and authors behind the website; (6) Contact.

Case studies

Local case studies

Filter by entry points